Children enrolled in a preschool program
In South Australia, children may start in a preschool program in the year before commencing in school full time. A preschool program (also known as kindergarten) is a structured, play based learning program delivered by a degree qualified teacher.
In 2018, a total of 19,725 children had been enrolled in a preschool program in the year before commencing school full time (an increase since 2016). The proportions of enrolments for 3-5 year olds in 2018 were:
- 3 year olds – 55% (53% in 2016)
- 4 year olds – 90% (88% in 2016)
- 5 year olds – 18% (17% in 2016).
In metropolitan Adelaide, the two regions with the highest enrolments were Onkaparinga (2,069) and Salisbury (1,809). In regional/remote South Australia, the two regions with the highest enrolments were Murray and Mallee (830) and Limestone Coast (777).
In South Australia, the proportion of all children (3-5 years) enrolled in preschool has increased from 2016 to 2018.
Children and young people participating in creative activities
In 2017-18, 67% of children and young people aged 5-14 years in South Australia participated in 1 or more creative activities in the previous 12 months, compared to 63% nationally.
Creative activities included participation in drama, singing, playing a musical instrument, dancing, art and craft, creative writing or creating digital content.
The largest proportion of children and young people that participated in creative activities was 5-8 year olds (43%). Those who participated in creative activities in the previous 12 months, were most likely to have participated in 3 activities (26%).
In 2016, the estimated rate of homelessness for young people aged 12-18 years in South Australia was 47 per 10,000 population, an increase from 44 in 2011. The Australian Bureau of Statistics definition of homelessness is a person who does not have suitable accommodation alternatives and whose current living arrangement is a dwelling that is inadequate; has no tenure, or their initial tenure is short and not extendable; or does not allow them to have control of, and access to space for social relations.
In 2017-18, specialist homelessness services assisted 6,264 children and young people under 20 years including 1,748 Aboriginal children and young people.
Aboriginal children in preschool
In South Australia, Aboriginal children may start preschool when they turn 3. Also known as kindergarten, a preschool program is a structured, play based learning program, delivered by a degree qualified teacher.
In 2018, there were 1,924 Aboriginal children aged 3-5 years enrolled in a preschool program in South Australia (798 aged 3 years, 909 aged 4 years and 217 aged 5 years).
The proportion of Aboriginal children aged 3 years enrolled in a preschool program in South Australia in 2018 was 82%. This is an increase from 62% in 2013.
In the region which covers Adelaide, Mount Gambier, the Riverland, Yorke Peninsula and Kangaroo Island there were 1,364 Aboriginal children aged 3-5 years enrolled in a preschool program. In the region of which covers Port Augusta, Whyalla, Coober Pedy and most of the Far North communities there were 423 Aboriginal children aged 3-5 years enrolled in a preschool program. In the Port Lincoln – Ceduna region there were 135 enrolments for Aboriginal children aged 3-5 in a preschool program.
Language Spoken at Home
There are over 57,000 children and young people under the age of 15 in South Australia who speak a language other than English at home.
Most of these children and young people live in metropolitan Adelaide with a significant proportion living in the northern regions of Adelaide. The Salisbury region has more than 9,000 children and young people who speak a language other than English at home and the Port Adelaide region has nearly 8,000.
At the 2016 Australian Census, there were 892 Aboriginal children and young people under the age of 15 who spoke an Australian Indigenous Language at home. Of these, 466 spoke Pitjantjatjara and 96 spoke Ngarrindjeri.